Mitsubishi Datalogging Guide
Table Of Contents
Intro to Datalogging
Whether a stock daily driver or a dedicated track car, keeping track of how your car is running is vital to making sure your car will last without needing expensive repairs. While monitoring gauges on your car can let you know what is happening with a few parameters at a given moment, it won't be able to give you a full scope of how the car is running. In order to gain perspective over a wider range of time and parameters we run a datalog.
Here's a good reference on how you actually create a datalog
How To: Datalog
What is a Datalog?
A Datalog is where the Accessport or another system records a user-specified set of sensor data and/or information which the vehicle's computer is using to run the engine. This can include things from simple data like coolant temperature, to how often the computer wants the fuel injector to be open during a given engine cycle.
Why Can't I Datalog Everything?
While each generation of ECU has different limitations there is generally a limit to the number of parameters you can select. In most cases this is because the ECU needs to process the requests for data and output that information to whatever device is requesting it. As a result the more monitors you request, the more work the computer has to do in order to keep up. On some vehicles as you approach the limit you won't see any differences until it simply can't log more items. However on other platforms you will see the approach to the limit show itself as a slow down in the logging rate, so if you are logging a bunch of different items make sure to keep an eye on the amount of time in between each sample to keep things in perspective.
Things Every Good Datalog Needs
A Map with no reference points is never going to help you get from one place to another. There are a few parameters that do wonders for helping to put other monitors into context, as well as showing your environment and driving style.
Engine Revolutions per minute. This lets us see what speed the engine is moving at. Additionally conditions of acceleration, deceleration and maintaining a steady speed will all cause variations in the fueling and ignition timing.
Accelerator Pedal Position - APP
Measures the amount the accelerator pedal is pressed down by the driver.
Engine Coolant Temperature
Allows us to see how warm the car is when driving as coolant temperature will have an impact on the amount of fuel going into the engine
The actual amount the throttle is opening. This is important as it not only shows us how much power the driver is requesting from the vehicle, but also because the boost control system works off of the throttle position so oftentimes you will experience underboosting if not pushing the pedal down 100%
- Measurement of demand on the vehicle's engine that takes into account the amount of air going into the engine as well as the RPM. Can clue us in to how a car is driven at specific moments as light cruising will have lower load than sprited driving. A certain amount of load is required in order to spool a turbo additionally higher load will require more fuel than lower load conditions.
Quick Reference Guide
The Evo/Lancer platform utilizes a closed loop and open loop strategy for fueling similar to Subaru vehicles. When cruising around town the car operates in closed loop and that is where the fuel trims come into play. Depending on the modifications or problem you're experiencing, typically if the fuel trims are higher than normal, it will indicate a vacuum leak. Some common problems that occur with the platform are that the fuel pressure regulator reference vacuum line can come off the fitting. When this happens it will cause the car to run lean, so oftentimes we'll suggest that you hook up a zip tie or other clamping device to hold it in place. Secondly the fuel pump relay has gone through many iterations and it is very important to be on the most recent one as many of the older ones can cause problem with improper voltage at the pump which can cause the car to run lean.
With a custom tune, keep in mind that since they're made to specifications other than what we use, normal values may vary. For troubleshooting on a custom map reach out to the Protuner responsible for your tune and they should be able to help you out!
With thousands of cars around the world utilizing these engines, oftentimes swapping a used motor into your car can be a cost-effective alternative to rebuilding a tired or broken engine. However there are many important things to keep in mind when doing this as not all engines are created equal. Oftentimes foreign engines can come from the exact same model but have completely different hook-ups, sensors, or manifolds attached to the engine itself. Harder to detect are the engines that have different cam specs or a different compression ratio (a common occurrence between United States (USDM) and Japanese market (JDM) vehicles). This means that while getting it to fit can be a simple matter of just swapping a few parts over, getting it to run healthily and correctly is a different matter. Due to the fact that none of the engine's sensors will detect any of these changes, or the potential for a difference in sensor to cause skewed values, you will need to get a custom tune when swapping your engine out for anything other than the exact same engine your car had initially with stock specifications.
In the quest for ever more speed and power, eventually you come to the point of ordering up a built engine block, or even having one custom built to your specifications. This is an incredibly exciting day, as you'll no longer be held back by the limitations of the stock bottom end and can explore the upper limits of what your car (and in some cases you) are capable of. Similar to swapping for another stock engine, you'll need to get a custom tune in order to keep your engine running safe and in optimal condition. An added reason for this is that when using aftermarket parts that are forged or billet, there are differences in how much expansion the materials will undergo when they start to absorb the heat of the engine running. As a result when attempting to run a stock tune with a built engine, you'll probably see a lot of knock numbers from piston noise. It's important to tune the car appropriately for that so that these false knock readings don't mask the ones which are real, just like brakes can help you avoid an accident and keep your car safe, a tune can help avoid detonation or running lean, and keep your new engine safe.
Links and Related Videos
How To: Update Accessport Firmware - Can provide assistance with getting your Accessport running the most up-to-date firmware.
How To: Change Datalog Monitors - Shows you how to adjust your datalog monitors so that you are viewing what you'd like to look at.
Map Notes for EVO X - Map notes for EVO X so you can see what parts work for each map, and which map to run.
Map Notes for Lancer Ralliart - Map notes for Lancer Ralliart so you can see what parts work for each map and which map to run.
Engine Monitor List for Mitsubishi Vehicles - A list of all data monitors used by the various Mitsubishi Platforms
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